Mar 16, 2009

VAT ( Value Added Tax )

VAT is a system of indirect taxation, which has been introduced in lieu of sales tax. It is the tax paid by the producers, manufacturers, retailers or any other dealer who add value to the goods and that is ultimately passed on to the consumer. VAT has been introduced to ensure a fair and uniform system of taxation. It is an efficient, transparent, revenue-neutral, globally acceptable and easy to administer taxation system. It benefits the common man (consumer), businessman and the Government.

Further, VAT enhances competitiveness by removing the cascading effect of taxes on goods and makes the levy of tax simple and self-regulatory, ensuring flexibility to generate large revenues.

The cascading effect is brought about by the existing structure of taxation where inputs are taxed before a commodity is produced and the output is taxed after it is produced. This causes an unfair double-taxation. However, in VAT, a set-off is given for input tax (tax paid on purchases). This results in the overall tax burden being rationalized and a fall in prices of goods.

VAT makes the tax structure simple, hassle-free, export-oriented and how the integration of VAT with Tally will help you in the smooth functioning of your business and eliminate the complications that might otherwise arise in VAT.

The essence of VAT is in providing set-off for input tax and this is applied through the concept of input credit/rebate. This input credit in relation to any period means setting off the amount of input tax by a registered dealer against the amount of his output tax. The Value Added Tax (VAT) is based on the value addition to the goods, and the related VAT liability of the dealer is calculated by deducting the input credit from the tax collected on sales during the payment period. This concept is explained with an example, in the Computation of VAT section .

VAT works in two different ways:

1. If VAT-registered businesses receive more output tax than the taxes paid as input, they will need to pay the difference to the Commissioner of Taxes (State).

2. If the input tax paid is more than the output tax collected,

o You can carry forward the Input credit and adjust it against the output tax in the subsequent months.

o You can have the Input Credit refunded to you at the end of the current or following year, by the Government.

o You can receive refunds for Input Credit on exports within a period of three months



Input tax

Output tax

Input Credit

Composite Dealers

This is a tax paid on purchases

This is a tax charged on sales

The amount of Input tax that is permitted to be set off against Output tax.

Dealers with annual gross turnover not exceeding a certain threshold (threshold - decided by the respective State Governments) can opt for a composition scheme whereby they will pay tax as a small percentage of their gross turnover. However, retailers opting for this composition scheme will not be entitled to Input Credit.

The State Governments fix the periods and the procedures for the payment of the lump sum.

No comments: